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Dhamma Letter No. 53
Understanding Samatha and Vipassana (V)
Since samatha meditation requires concentration, it is best to focus the mind on one, singular object. This prevents the subject from being moved from one object to another which disturbs concentration and creates distraction.
In this process, the five hindrances (pañcanīvaraṇa, 五蓋) disappear and the factors of jhana (jhānaṅga) develops. (See Dhamma letter no. 31)
A pure vipassana (Dry-Insight) meditator overcomes the five obstacles through a of moment samadhi (khaṇika samādhi) by wisdom. The practice of samatha (止), however, develops continuous stillness and serenity through concentration, and thereby achieves jhana (禪定) in which the obstacles are temporarily removed.
This practice of cultivating calmness via concentration can also be viewed as a process of preparation for the next step which is entering vipassana(觀) meditation through mind development. Finally, the obstacles can be completely removed through the Vipassana way.
Vipassana meditation aims to gain wisdom by seeing phenomena as they really are. Vipassana, which aims at nirvana, is a method unique to Buddhism, and can be seen as the pinnacle of Buddhist practice.
The Buddhist practice described in the early sutras (Pāli-Nikāya) can be viewed in two ways.
To be continued…
Edited by Euna Bonovich
If you have any questions related to dhamma & meditation, please feel free to ask. You can reach Ayya Kosalla directly at Bhikkhuni.Kosalla@gmail.com .
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이번 주부터 연재되는 위빠사나명상의 마음관찰에 대한 논문을 한글 원본으로 읽고 싶으신 분은 클릭해서 다운로드 받을 수 있습니다. (네이버에 PDF 첨부)
The Korean Dhamma Letter is here 담마레터.
Buddha Sāsanaṁ Ciraṁ Tiṭṭhatu!
May the Buddha’s teachings last a long time!
Bhavatu Sabba Sotiṁ ca Maṅgalaṁ ca!!
May everyone be led on the path of peace and blessing!!
Sādhu Sādhu Sādhu !