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Dhamma Letter No. 54
Understanding Samatha and Vipassana (VI)
As a perspective for a way to solve problems in life, samatha and vipassanā meditation can be explained :
‘samatha’ : a method of forgetting yourself temporary : that means to stop thinking about your past, present, and future life situations (restlessness of the mind) : by focusing on a singular object and suppressing emotions that are overpowering whether negative or positive.
‘vipassanā’ : a method of knowing yourself clearly. To focus inwards which develops understanding that all phenomena are changing, unsatisfied, and non-Self.
The meditation practices of vipassanā practiced in early Buddhism also include a method called ‘pure or dry vipassanā’ (Suddha Vipassanā, 純觀), in which vipassanā is practiced directly without cultivating samatha meditation.
The early scriptures according to『Anguttara Nikaya』(AN 4.170, PTS: AN.II.157) describe four types of cultivating samatha and vipassanā , it is as follows :
① Practice samatha (止) first and then practice vipassanā (觀).
② Practice vipassanā (觀) first and then practice samatha (止).
③ Practice samatha and vipassanā (止觀) together in pairs.
④ There is a person who has a mind caught by dhamma-uddhacca(excitement about the dhamma), and when his mind stays right only inside (one's own mind), approaches it rightly, and concentrates on the object, then one has formed the Path (道, Magga).
Buddha described four types of cultivating samatha and vipassanā as above.
May all practice well and reach to Magga (道, the path of enlightenment) and Phala(果, the fruit of enlightenment)!
Edited by Euna Bonovich
If you have any questions related to dhamma & meditation, please feel free to ask. You can reach Ayya Kosalla directly at Bhikkhuni.Kosalla@gmail.com .
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The Korean Dhamma Letter is here 담마레터.
Buddha Sāsanaṁ Ciraṁ Tiṭṭhatu!
May the Buddha’s teachings last a long time!
Bhavatu Sabba Sotiṁ ca Maṅgalaṁ ca!!
May everyone be led on the path of peace and blessing!!
Sādhu Sādhu Sādhu !