Dhamma Letter No. 80
Satipatthana 5 : 4 Foundation of Mindfulness 네 가지 마음확립 명상 (四念處)
The Maha-satipatthana Sutta (The Great Discourse on the Foundations of Mindfulness) from the early scriptures begins with the following passage:
“Bhikkhus, this is the only way for the purity of all beings, to overcome grief and sorrow, to get rid of suffering and dislike, to achieve on the right path, to realize Nirvana (Nibbana).” - Digha Nikaya (DN) 22
Sati meditation, which cuts off all defilements and leads to the path of nirvana, must be started based on the precepts.
“Purify the very starting point of wholesome states. And what is the starting point of wholesome states? Virtue that is well purified and view that is straight. Then, bhikkhu, when your virtue is well purified and your view straight, based upon virtue, established upon virtue, you should develop the four establishments of mindfulness in a threefold way. " -SN 47.3
The Buddha's threefold training is to the threefold grouping of the Noble Eightfold Path. See dhamma letter No. 2 and No. 10.
If there is a right view, there will also be a wrong view. What the Buddha said as a right view was premised on a wrong view. (For more understanding, see Dhamma letter No. 60~No. 62)
The right view means following the teachings of the Buddha. Knowing the Four Noble Truths is also called the right view. It was said that if you gain the right view, you can practice the 4 Foundation of Mindfulness (四念處, 네 가지 마음확립 명상). The right fruit will be possible when you have the right view.
There are four objects to observe:
Kayanupassana (Mindfulness of the body)
Vedananupassana (Mindfulness of feeling)
Cittanupassana (Mindfulness of the mind)
Dhammanupassana (Mindfulness of the Dhamma).
These are the four things to the establishment of awareness.
From the next Dhamma Letter, we will discuss more about the establishment of mindfulness (Sati).
May you develop the four establishments of mindfulness!
May you be peaceful and happy!
May all practice well and reach to Magga (道, the path of enlightenment) and Phala (果, the fruit of enlightenment)!
Edited by Euna Bonovich
If you have any questions related to dhamma & meditation, please feel free to ask. You can reach Ayya Kosalla directly at Bhikkhuni.Kosalla@gmail.com .
법에 대한 질문이 있으신 분은 위의 이메일 주소로 질문을 남겨주세요.
위빠사나명상의 마음관찰에 대한 논문을 한글 원본으로 읽고 싶으신 분은 클릭해서 다운로드 받을 수 있습니다. (네이버에 PDF 첨부)
The Korean Dhamma Letter is here 담마레터.
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Buddha Sāsanaṁ Ciraṁ Tiṭṭhatu!
May the Buddha’s teachings last a long time!
Bhavatu Sabba Sotiṁ ca Maṅgalaṁ ca!!
May everyone be led on the path of peace and blessing!!
Sādhu Sādhu Sādhu !